Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy. It works to solve current problems and change unhelpful thinking and behavior. Cognitive therapists believed that conscious thoughts could influence a person’s behavior. CBT is effective for a variety of conditions, including mood, anxiety, personality, eating, co-dependency, grief recovery, trauma resolution, addiction, dependence and psychotic disorders.
Solution focused (brief) therapy (SFBT)
Solution focused (brief) therapy (SFBT) is a goal-directed collaborative approach to psychotherapeutic change that is conducted through direct observation of clients' responses to a series of precisely constructed questions. SFBT focuses on addressing what clients want to achieve exploring the history and provenance of problem(s). SF therapy sessions typically focus on the present and future, focusing on the past only to the degree necessary for communicating empathy and accurate understanding of the clients concerns.
Imago Relationship Therapy
Imago Relationship Therapy is a form of marriage therapy that takes a relationship approach rather than an individual approach to problem solving in a relationship. The couple identifies their own childhood relationship images, notices the dynamics they utilize in the relationship and make no exit agreements to resolve the differences.
Neuro-linguistic programming teaches that people are only able to perceive a small part of the world using their conscious awareness, and that this view of the world is filtered by experience, beliefs, values, assumptions, and biological sensory systems. NLP argues that people act and feel based on their perception of the world rather than the real world.
NLP teaches that language and behaviors (whether functional or dysfunctional) are highly structured, and that this structure can be 'modeled' or copied into a reproducible form. Using NLP a person can 'model' the more successful parts of their own behavior in order to reproduce it in areas where they are less successful or 'model' another person to effect belief and behavior changes to improve functioning. If someone excels in some activity, it can be learned how specifically they do it by observing certain important details of their behavior. NLP embodiesseveral techniques, including hypnotic techniques, which proponents claim can effect changes in the way people think, learn and communicate.
Hypnosis is a state of human consciousness involving focused attention and reduced peripheral awareness and an enhanced capacity for response to suggestion. Theories explaining what occurs during hypnosis fall into two groups. Altered state theories see hypnosis as an altered state of mind or trance, marked by a level of awareness different from the ordinary conscious state. In contrast, Non-state theories see hypnosis as a form of imaginative role-enactment.
During hypnosis, a person is said to have heightened focus and concentration. The person can concentrate intensely on a specific thought or memory, while blocking out sources of distraction. Hypnotized subjects are said to show an increased response to suggestions. Hypnosis is usually induced by a procedure known as a hypnotic induction involving a series of preliminary instructions and suggestions. The use of hypnotism for therapeutic purposes is referred to as "hypnotherapy”.
Spiritual Practice or Spiritual Discipline
A spiritual practice or spiritual discipline (often including spiritual exercises) is the regular or full-time performance of actions and activities undertaken. These could include meditation, mindfulness, conscious breathwork, faith, asking, and scientific prayer. Spirituality is inclusive – religion is exclusive.
Massage can be applied with the hands, fingers, elbows, knees, forearm, feet, or a massage device. Massage can promote relaxation, relieve tension, and aid in the removal of soft tissue stress, as well as help release old trauma wounds through the stimulation and release of body memories. For survivors of any type of trauma body work provides release at a core level usually never gotten to in traditional counseling.
In Reality Therapies the focus is on personal choice, personal responsibility and personal transformation, and are considered controversial by mainstream psychiatrists, who focus instead on classifying psychiatric syndromes as "illnesses", and who often prescribe psychotropic medications to treat mental disorders.
Motivational Interviewing is a method that works on facilitating and engaging intrinsic motivation within the client in order to change behavior. MI is a goal-oriented, client-centered counseling style for eliciting behavior change by helping clients to explore and resolve ambivalence.
Grief Work is a process of helping a client identify the losses in their lives, uncovering the strategies they learned to repress their feelings about loss, identifying what the unspoken communications are and expressing them honestly with emotion attached then saying goodbye to the people, places, thing(s) or event(s) no longer in their lives knowing all the while they can repeat this letting go process whenever something comes up to say. Extremely powerful work for those who do it.
Biblio/Poetry Therapy uses poetry, verse, sentences, realia, movie clips, a word; the clients own poetry of an event really any medium that houses an emotional expression. It is based in part on the idea that sometimes Biblio/poetry provides a cover for the client to express something indirectly rather than directly which may be safer for them at that time.
12 Step Counseling
Various 12 step Programs: Alcoholics Anonymous, Narcotics A, Cocaine A, Gamblers A, Sex Addicts A, Sex & Love Addicts A, Overeaters A, Work Addicts A, Relationships A, Marijuana A can find mixed with Young Peoples AA or NA Meetings, Debtors A, Compulsive Spending A. pay attention to the similarities vs. the differences. The addict is preoccupied with using a substance or a behavior to medicate or change how they feel regardless of the cost. Go to any search engine and look up addiction support groups.
SMART (Self-Management and Recovery Training) www.smartrecovery.organ abstinence based support group using CBT exclusively to help members successfully challenge and change their core beliefs about self, using, works well by itself or in conjunction with any other program.
Rational Recovery is an abstinence-based recovery approach that is the "antithesis and irreconcilable arch-rival of Alcoholics Anonymous." This is great for clients who feel the same way about 12 step programs.
Women For Sobriety
Women For Sobriety, Inc. is non-profit organizations dedicated to helping women overcome alcoholism and other addictions. It is, in fact, the first national self-help program for women alcoholics. Our "New Life" Program helps achieve sobriety and sustain ongoing recovery. WFS has been providing services to women alcoholics since July, 1976. The WFS "New Life" Program grew out of one woman's search for sobriety.
Go to Faces and Voices of Recovery at www.facesandvoicesofrecovery.org to find information about various 12 step type groups.